main impacts to air are:
of methane gas, a greenhouse gas, from landfill sites.
emissions from transporting waste.
fumes from the incineration of special wastes, long term
gases from incineration
of stacks to dilute and disperse, local, regional and
gases are emitted to air where they are regulated through
the Local Authority. Air emissions are carried away on the
winds and although they are dispersed over a wide area they
do not disappear. Sometimes the plume of emissions may fall
over the local area in a more concentrated form.
Some municipal wastes are burnt to recover their energy. However
burning waste adds to emissions of CO2, SOX, and NOx. Waste-derived-fuel
is a method of incineration at extremely high temperatures,
usually in cement kilns.
'fuel' is derived from the special wastes associated with
the chemical, pharmaceutical, plastics and automotive industries.