unified control reflects the change in environment law which
seeks to integrate the controls of pollution (IPC).
IPC covers emissions to land, air and water of the most complex
and polluting companies.
IPC aims to stop companies switching discharges from water
to air, or to land, but integrate the pollution control systems
into the environmental media.
The EA ensures that operators have regard to the Best Practicable
Environmental Option (BPEO). The BPEO is the disposal or dispersal
with the lowest environmental impact in the long term.
order to operate, companies covered by the regulations must
gain authorisation from the EA.
Such companies must show that they use the Best Available
Techniques Not Entailing Excessive Cost (BATNEEC).
BATNEEC strikes a balance between the best available technology
and management techniques with what the sector can generally
Companies must show that they use BATNEEC to minimise their
emissions and should use BREF Notes
to do so.