Environmental Protection Act 1990 established the Integrated
Pollution Control (IPC) regime and Local Air Pollution Control
(LAPC) regime to regulate pollution from industrial processes.
Under IPC, the Environment Agency regulates emissions to air,
water and land from around 2,000 installations.
Under LAPC, local authorities regulate emissions to air only
from around 13,000 installations whose potential to pollute
land and water is less significant.
Pollution Prevention and Control Act 1999
extends integrated control to a further 5,000 extra industrial
installations, particularly the manufacture of food and drink
products. The Act takes a wider range of environmental impacts
into account - such as noise, use of raw materials, accident
prevention, site restoration and energy efficiency.
Magistrates' Association's information toolkit covers many aspects
of environmental crime and includes guidance on sentencing wildlife
and conservation crimes.
Get the Toolkit from